Exodus 12

Posted on June 2, 2020No Comment
The Lord said to Moses and
Aaron in Egypt, “This month
is to be for you the first
month, the first month of
your year. Tell the whole
community of Israel that on
the tenth day of this month
each man is to take a lamb
for his family, one for
each household. If any
household is too small for
a whole lamb, they must
share one with their nearest
neighbor, having taken into
account the number of people
there are. You are to determine
the amount of lamb needed
in accordance with what
each person will eat. The
animals you choose must be
year-old males without defect,
and you may take them from
the sheep or the goats.
Take care of them until the
fourteenth day of the month,
when all the members of the
community of Israel must
slaughter them at twilight.
Then they are to take some
of the blood and put it on
the sides and tops of the
doorframes of the houses
where they eat the lambs.
That same night they are to
eat the meat roasted over
the fire, along with bitter
herbs, and bread made without
yeast. Do not eat the meat
raw or boiled in water, but
roast it over a fire—with
the head, legs and internal
organs. Do not leave any of
it till morning; if some is
left till morning, you must
burn it. This is how you are
to eat it: with your cloak
tucked into your belt, your
sandals on your feet and your
staff in your hand. Eat it
in haste; it is the Lord ’s Passover.

“On that same night I will
pass through Egypt and strike
down every firstborn of
both people and animals,
and I will bring judgment
on all the gods of Egypt.
I am the Lord . The blood will
be a sign for you on the
houses where you are, and
when I see the blood, I will
pass over you. No destructive
plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.

“This is a day you are
to commemorate; for the
generations to come you
shall celebrate it as a
festival to the Lord —a
lasting ordinance. For
seven days you are to
eat bread made without yeast.
On the first day remove
the yeast from your houses,
for whoever eats anything
with yeast in it from the
first day through the
seventh must be cut off
from Israel. On the first
day hold a sacred assembly,
and another one on the
seventh day. Do no work
at all on these days,
except to prepare food
for everyone to eat;
that is all you may do.

“Celebrate the Festival
of Unleavened Bread, because
it was on this very day that
I brought your divisions out
of Egypt. Celebrate this day
as a lasting ordinance for the
generations to come. In the
first month you are to eat
bread made without yeast, from
the evening of the fourteenth
day until the evening of the
twenty-first day. For seven
days no yeast is to be found
in your houses. And anyone,
whether foreigner or native-born,
who eats anything with yeast in
it must be cut off from the
community of Israel. Eat nothing
made with yeast. Wherever you live,
you must eat unleavened bread.”

Then Moses summoned all the
elders of Israel and said to
them, “Go at once and select
the animals for your families
and slaughter the Passover lamb.
Take a bunch of hyssop, dip
it into the blood in the basin
and put some of the blood on
the top and on both sides of
the doorframe. None of you
shall go out of the door of
your house until morning.
When the Lord goes through
the land to strike down the
Egyptians, he will see the
blood on the top and sides
of the doorframe and will
pass over that doorway, and
he will not permit the
destroyer to enter your
houses and strike you down.

“Obey these instructions as
a lasting ordinance for you
and your descendants. When
you enter the land that the
Lord will give you as he
promised, observe this ceremony.
And when your children ask
you, ‘What does this ceremony
mean to you?’ then tell them,
‘It is the Passover sacrifice
to the Lord , who passed over
the houses of the Israelites
in Egypt and spared our homes
when he struck down the Egyptians.’
” Then the people bowed down
and worshiped. The Israelites
did just what the Lord
commanded Moses and Aaron.

At midnight the Lord struck
down all the firstborn in Egypt,
from the firstborn of Pharaoh,
who sat on the throne, to
the firstborn of the prisoner,
who was in the dungeon, and
the firstborn of all the
livestock as well. Pharaoh
and all his officials and
all the Egyptians got up
during the night, and there
was loud wailing in Egypt,
for there was not a house
without someone dead.

During the night Pharaoh
summoned Moses and Aaron
and said, “Up! Leave my
people, you and the Israelites!
Go, worship the Lord as you
have requested. Take your
flocks and herds, as you have
said, and go. And also bless me.”

The Egyptians urged the
people to hurry and leave
the country. “For otherwise,”
they said, “we will all die!”
So the people took their
dough before the yeast was added,
and carried it on their
shoulders in kneading troughs
wrapped in clothing.
The Israelites did as Moses
instructed and asked the
Egyptians for articles of
silver and gold and for
clothing. The Lord had made
the Egyptians favorably
disposed toward the people,
and they gave them what
they asked for; so they
plundered the Egyptians.

The Israelites journeyed
from Rameses to Sukkoth.
There were about six hundred
thousand men on foot, besides
women and children. Many other
people went up with them, and
also large droves of livestock,
both flocks and herds. With
the dough the Israelites had
brought from Egypt, they baked
loaves of unleavened bread.
The dough was without yeast
because they had been driven
out of Egypt and did not have
time to prepare food for themselves.

Now the length of time the
Israelite people lived in
Egypt was 430 years. At the
end of the 430 years, to the
very day, all the Lord ’s divisions
left Egypt. Because the Lord
kept vigil that night to bring
them out of Egypt, on this night
all the Israelites are to keep
vigil to honor the Lord
for the generations to come.

The Lord said to Moses
and Aaron, “These are the
regulations for the
Passover meal: “No foreigner
may eat it. Any slave you
have bought may eat it after
you have circumcised him,
but a temporary resident
or a hired worker may not eat it.

“It must be eaten inside
the house; take none of
the meat outside the house.
Do not break any of the bones.
The whole community of
Israel must celebrate it.

“A foreigner residing
among you who wants to
celebrate the Lord ’s
Passover must have all
the males in his household
circumcised; then he may
take part like one born in the land.
No uncircumcised male may eat it.
The same law applies both
to the native-born and to
the foreigner residing among you.”

All the Israelites did just
what the Lord had commanded
Moses and Aaron. And on that
very day the Lord brought the
Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions.

Exodus 12:1‭-‬51 NIV

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